According to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER), the number of students going to school in rural India is increasing. However, more than 50% of the students in the 5thstandard is not capable of reading a text book of 2nd standard. They do not know how to solve basic mathematical problems.
Hence, instead of focusing on uplifting literacy rate, it is time that we focus on quality education. Children are required to empower with the quality education and the knowledge that can be applied in their real life.
If compared with the urban India, the state of education is worse in rural parts of the India. It is important that we realise and acknowledge the fact that a huge segment of our population still resides in rural India which makes it very crucial to pay heed to them.
There are plenty of problems that the educational institutions of rural India suffer from. The government authorities are required to take certain steps so that the rural education in India can be upgraded.
Here are 5 ways to upgrade the rural education system:
1. Boost free education
Poverty is one of the most critical and common problems in rural India. This is also one of the major obstructions in propelling the education in rural India.
This problem can be solved only if free education or education at very minimal fee is being offered.
This is certainly going to bring up the literacy rate as more and more parents will be eager to send their kids to schools if they are not required to bear the expenses of their education.
To those who come from very low financial background, the government must provide for their textbooks, library and laboratory facilities so that they are not left with any reason for not attending the schools.
2. Establish more schools
Fortunately, with the changing times, the changes are being witnessed in the rural society as well. There is an increase in the number of parents in rural India who understand the importance of education in their children’s lives.
However, there exists a problem of lack of ample number of schools in India.
Even if the private schools are established, they are beyond the pocket of common people because of being overtly expensive.
The solution can be found only if the government takes an initiative to establish affordable schools which are pocket-friendly to the middle as well as lower economic groups of the society.
3. Work on school infrastructure
The rural educational institutions suffer a lot due to the lack of proper infrastructure. The schools in rural India do not possess adequate number of well-trained teachers.
Also, the student-teacher ratio is quite improper which makes it even more difficult to pay attention to every student.
This leads to low quality education, hardly serving any purpose.
If we are to lay the foundation of strong educational life, it needs to start right from the beginning and this can only be done if the school infrastructure is done well.
4. Bring innovative teaching methods
The level of education has gone a notch up in urban areas with newer teaching techniques being introduced; the state of teaching techniques is still primitive and traditional in rural India.
The rural schools are still stuck on inculcating rote learning in its students. This has to change.
These schools must start adopting concept learning to develop their students holistically.
5. Promote computer literacy
Our country is progressing technologically; however, sadly, the imprint of this advancement has yet not reached to the rural areas. This has led to a digital gap in urban-rural India.
The schools in rural India are required to get equipped with computer education and need to be imparted with technological education as well.
This will help them being at par with the level of urban education and develop themselves better.
Even though the government is working to improve the state of education in the country, there is still a lot to be improved. There is a growing awareness among people about education; however the lack of infrastructure is being a major obstacle which needs an active intervention of the government.