Croatia became the 27th member of the association, between the countries of which there are no border controls and the 20th of the countries that switched to the euro.
Croatia joined the Schengen area on January 1, becoming the 27th member of the association, between the countries of which there is no border control.
In addition, the state joined the euro area and began to use the single European currency instead of the national currency kuna and became the 20th out of 27 countries that adopted the euro.
Soon the Croatian kuna will be seen only what is in the collections, since from January 1, the country switched to payments in euros. The parallel circulation of the two currencies will last only in the first 14 days of the new year. At the same time, Croatia will become part of a single visa area – from January 1, not a national, but a Schengen visa will be required for entry.
The Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has previously published clarifications on this matter. Entry documents will begin to be issued at the consulates of the country from January 1. At the same time, short-term Croatian visas, if their term has not expired, will also be valid. It will only be possible to enter Croatia through them. For holders of Schengen visas, the time spent in Croatia from the new year is added to the days spent on the territory of other member states of the agreement. This is 90 days within any 180 day period.
As part of the phased introduction of the euro in Croatia, on the first day of 2023, more than half of the ATMs were switched off. They load new banknotes. The Croatian kuna and euro will be used equally for cash payments for only two weeks.
In July, the Croatian mint began minting euro coins with the country's national motifs. In November 2022, the Croatian Parliament adopted the country's first state budget denominated in euros.
Croatia's accession to the Schengen area should give a noticeable boost to the country's tourism industry, which accounts for 20% of its GDP.< /p>
Long queues at 73 land border crossings with Slovenia and Hungary will now be a thing of the past, but checks at airports won't end until March 26 – until then, due to technical problems, border controls will still be in place .
Croatia has become the country with the longest land border of the EU – 1350 km. And the strict border regime will continue in the east of the country, on the borders with non-EU Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia.