The Ob Ugrians practice shamanism, worship ancestors and patron spirits, and are sure that the loon got the earth from the bottom of the ocean, and the supreme god Torum created the world out of it.
3. They are educated
The Khanty have many dialects, so it was not easy to form a common script. Soviet scientists came to the rescue: they compiled a dictionary and several primers, developed alphabets for the main dialects. In huts-reading rooms, libraries and “red tents” they fought against illiteracy: they taught to read and write, discussed books, talked about new forms of farming. There are fewer dialects in the Mansi language, therefore the alphabet was created easier: first using the Latin alphabet, and then based on Russian letters.
4. They don't know the truth
The Ob Ugrians practice shamanism, worship ancestors and patron spirits, and are sure that the loon got the earth from the bottom of the ocean, and the supreme god Torum created the world from it. The Ural Range is the belt of God, once thrown to the ground by him. The progenitors of the Mansi are the goddess Kaltash, who is able to take the form of animals, and the bear, in whose honor they still organize holidays with hunting, feasting, games and rituals. Mansi believe in the Forest Maiden, giants, the Golden Woman and the Heavenly Elk, and they also deify the weathered rocks of Manpupuner.
The Khanty consider everything that moves to be alive, including snow, water, fire, and rain. Each clan has its own progenitor animal, but the main idols are deer, bear, horse, frog, beaver and otter. The Khanty are afraid of mermaids, they revere the old owner of the Ob and make toys-amulets akan — rag dolls without faces, but in beautiful folk costumes.
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Khanty consider everything that moves to be alive including snow, water, fire and rain.
5. They are not very lucky climbers
Mansi appear in the sensational case of the Dyatlovites: in 1959, a group of Soviet tourists died under extremely mysterious circumstances on a pass near Mount Holatchakhl. Mansi has long considered it a haven of evil spirits, even the name itself, translated from Mansi, means “Dead Peak” (and according to another version, it even means “Mountain of the Dead”). According to one version of the investigation, local residents could be, if not the culprits, then witnesses of the tragedy, but the Mansi only shrug their shoulders imperturbably: there is nothing to disturb the ancient forces.